What are the signs and symptoms of kidney failure?

What are the signs and symptoms of kidney failure?

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Initially, kidney failure may be not produced any symptoms (asymptomatic). As kidney function reduces, the symptoms are connected to the inability to regulate water and electrolyte balances, clear waste products from the body, and promote red blood cell production.

If unrecognized or untreated, the following symptoms of kidney failure may develop into life-threatening circumstances.

  • Lethargy
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Generalized swelling (edema)
  • Generalized weakness due to anemia
  • Loss of appetite

What causes kidney failure?

Kidney failure may happen from an acute situation that injures the kidneys or from chronic diseases that gradually reason the kidneys to stop functioning.

In acute renal failure, kidney function is lost rapidly and can happen from a variety of insults to the body. Since most people have two kidneys, both kidneys must be damaged for whole kidney failure to occur. Fortunately, if only one kidney fails or is diseased it can be removed, and the remaining kidney may continue to have normal kidney (renal) function. If both the patient’s kidneys are injured or diseased, a donor kidney(s) may be transplanted.

What causes chronic kidney failure?

Chronic renal failure develops over months and years. The most common reason for chronic renal failure is related to

  • poorly controlled diabetes,
  • poorly controlled high blood pressure, and
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis.

What is the treatment for kidney failure?

Prevention is always the goal of kidney failure. Chronic diseases such as hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes are devastating because of the damage that they can do to kidneys and other organs. Lifelong diligence is essential in keeping blood sugar and blood pressure within normal limits. Specific treatments depend upon the underlying diseases.

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