A urinary tract infection is an infection caused by bacteria in any part of the urinary system, which is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.
Most urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect the bladder and the urethra, which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder to outside the body.
When a UTI develops in men, it is generally considered complicated and more likely to spread to the kidneys and upper urinary tract. Some cases may even require surgery. We learn more about this disorder, including its symptoms and treatment options, in this article.
Men with UTIs may have no signs or symptoms of the infection. However, when symptoms do occur, they can include:
- pain during urination
- frequent urge to urinate
- inability to start urinating
- a slow urine stream or urine leakage
- a sudden need to urinate
- the release of only small amounts of urine at a time
- blood in urine
- pain in the central lower part of the abdomen
- cloudy urine with a strong odor
A person’s risk of developing a UTI increases if they have:
- kidney stones
- an enlarged prostate
- an irregular narrowing of the urethra
- an inability to voluntarily control urination
- an inability to empty the bladder entirely
- not drunk enough liquids
- not been circumcised
- a past diagnosis of a UTI
A doctor can diagnose a UTI by carrying out a physical examination, taking a medical history, and through laboratory tests.
The doctor may perform a physical examination that includes:
- checking the vital signs
- checking the abdomen, bladder area, sides, and back for pain or swelling
- examining the genitals
Men can take a series of actions to reduce the risk of getting a UTI, such as:
- drinking plenty of liquids, especially water
- emptying the bladder often
- carefully cleaning the area under the foreskin after showering if not circumcised
- cleaning from front to back when toileting
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