Foods to Avoid If You Have Bad Kidneys

Foods to Avoid If You Have Bad Kidneys

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Your kidneys are bean-shaped organs that perform many essential functions. They’re in charge of filtering blood, removing waste through urine, producing hormones, balancing minerals and maintaining fluid balance. There are many risk factors for kidney disease. The most common are uncontrolled diabetes and high blood pressure.


Avocados are often touted for their many nutritious qualities, including their heart-healthy fats, fiber, and antioxidants. While avocados are generally a healthy addition to the diet, individuals with kidney disease may require avoiding them. This is because avocados are a very rich source of potassium. One cup (150 grams) of an avocado provides a whopping 727 mg of potassium.

Canned Foods

Canned foods, such as soups, vegetables, and beans, are often purchased because of their low cost and convenience. However, most canned foods contain high amounts of sodium, as salt is added as a preservative to raise its shelf life.

Whole-Wheat Bread

Choosing the right bread can be confusing for individuals with kidney disease.

Often for healthy individuals, whole-wheat bread is generally recommended over refined, white flour bread. Whole-wheat bread may be a more nutritious choice, mostly due to its higher fiber content. However, white bread is generally recommended over whole-wheat varieties for individuals with kidney disease.

Brown Rice

Like whole-wheat bread, brown rice is a whole grain that has a higher potassium and phosphorus content than its white rice counterpart. One cup of cooked brown rice contains 150 mg of phosphorus and 154 mg of potassium, while one cup of cooked white rice contains only 69 mg of phosphorus and 54 mg of potassium.


Bananas are known for their high potassium content. While they’re naturally low in sodium, one medium banana provides 422 mg of potassium. It may be hard to keep your daily potassium intake to 2,000 mg if a banana is a daily staple. Unfortunately, many other tropical fruits have high potassium contents as well.

Oranges and Orange Juice

While oranges and orange juice are arguably most well known for their vitamin C contents, they are also rich sources of potassium. One large orange (184 grams) provides 333 mg of potassium. Moreover, there is 473 mg of potassium in one cup of orange juice. Given their potassium content, oranges and orange juice likely require to be avoided or limited on a renal diet.

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