There is no sure way to prevent bladder cancer. Some risk factors, like age, gender, race, and family history can’t be controlled. But there might be things you can do that could help lower your risk.
A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. You can change some risk factors, like smoking or weight; others, like your age or family history, you can’t.
But having a risk factor, or even many, does not mean that you will get the disease. Many people with risk factors never get bladder cancer, while others with this disease may have few or no known risk issues.
Smoking is thought to cause about half of all bladder cancers. (This includes any type of smoking — cigarettes, cigars, or pipes.)
Limit exposure to certain chemicals in the workplace
Workers in industries that use certain organic chemicals have a higher risk of bladder cancer. Workplaces where these chemicals are usually used contain the rubber, leather, printing materials, textiles, and paint industries. If you work in a place where you might be exposed to such chemicals, be sure to follow good work safety practices.
Some chemicals found in certain hair dyes might also rise risk, so it’s essential for hairdressers and barbers who are exposed to these products regularly to use them safely. (Most studies have not found that personal use of hair dyes increases bladder cancer risk.) For more on this, see Hair Dyes.
Drink plenty of liquids
There’s evidence that drinking a lot of fluids – mainly water – might lower a person’s risk of bladder cancer.
Eat lots of fruits and vegetables
Some studies have suggested that a diet high in fruits and vegetables might help protect against bladder cancer, but other studies have not found this. Still, eating a healthy diet has been shown to have many benefits, including lowering the risk of some other types of cancer.
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