Bladder Cancer Risk Factors

Bladder Cancer Risk Factors

A risk factor is anything that changes your chance of getting a illness such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, like smoking, can be changed. Others, like a person’s age or family history, can’t be changed.

But having a risk factor, or even several, does not mean that you will get the illness. Many people with risk factors never get bladder cancer, while others with this disease may have few or no known risk factors.

Still, it’s significant to know about the risk factors for bladder cancer because there may be things you can do that might lower your risk of getting it. If you are at higher risk because of certain factors, you might be helped by tests that could find it early, when treatment is most likely to be effective.

Risk factors you can change

Smoking

Smoking is the most significant risk factor for bladder cancer. Smokers are at least 3 times as likely to get bladder cancer as nonsmokers. Smoking reason about half of all bladder cancers in both men and women.

Chronic bladder irritation and infections

Urinary infections, kidney and bladder stones, bladder catheters left in place a long time, and other reason of chronic bladder irritation have been linked with bladder cancer (especially squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder), but it’s not clear if they actually cause bladder cancer.

Schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzias are), an infection with a parasitic worm that can get into the bladder, is also a risk factor for bladder cancer.

Risk factors you cannot change

Race and ethnicity

Indians have slightly lower rates of bladder cancer. The reasons for these differences are not well understood.

Age

The risk of bladder cancer enlarges with age. About 9 out of 10 people with bladder cancer are older than 55.

Gender

Bladder cancer is much more ordinary in men than in women.

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