All About Kidney Stones

All about Kidney Stones

A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney. It is made from substances that usually dissolve in the urine. Typically strike between age 20 and 50 and are more general in men than women. If you get one stone, you are more likely to get more. Repeated stone attacks can affect kidneys.

How stones form

Your urinary tract is made up of your kidneys, two bean-shaped organs about the size of your fist; two narrow muscular tubes called ureters, which drain urine from each kidney into the bladder; the bladder, which temporarily stores urine; and the urethra, the tube that empties urine from the bladder. The kidneys make urine by take away extra water and waste from your blood. They also help your body balance certain chemicals in your blood.

Kidney stones are made up of chemicals in your urine. These include:

  • Calcium
  • Oxalate
  • Phosphate

Stones begin as crystals that build up contained by the kidney. Small crystals can pass from your body through the urine without you ever knowing about them. When the crystals grow larger and become stones, they can get stuck in the ureter and block the flow of urine. This reason infection and pain.

Other causes

Some rare disorders can cause kidney stones. Some of those disorders are:

  • Absorptive hypercalciuria
  • Chronic dehydration
  • Renal tubular acidosis, sometimes a hereditary disease
  • Cystinuria
  • Hyperoxaluria

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